Hormone Balancing For Acne

Hormonal Acne Distressing and Complex

It is estimated that up to 85% of teenagers have outbreaks of acne of varying degrees of severity but acne can also commence in adulthood, usually when a person is in their early twenties. This is a particularly demoralising situation when they have gone through their teenage years with clear, unblemished skin. To suddenly have to cope with acne at a time when most young people are starting their careers in earnest can have a negative effect on their self-confidence.

Adult Onset Acne the Result of Change in Hormone Levels

Hormonal activity is known to increase the production of sebum and stimulate skin cell production, two factors that are always present in acne breakouts. In teenagers, the onset of hormonal activity is generally the trigger for acne. In young adults who have already passed through this phase relatively unscathed, outbreaks of acne are the result of a change in hormone levels.

Either way, the hormonal activity results in an over production of oil while at the same time, the skin becomes thicker because the cells aren’t exfoliating as they should. This mix of oil and dead skin cells becomes the perfect breeding ground for the P acnes bacteria responsible for the swelling and redness around whiteheads and cysts. Hormonal acne is more likely to appear around the jaw line and chin and spread down the neck area.

Regular Hormonal Changes Make Women More Vulnerable

The current thinking on the causes of hormonal acne is that it is a result of the inter-relationship between sex hormones such as progesterone, estrogen and testosterone, other hormones such as insulin and chemical substances that the body produces during periods of illness or stress. In women, other causes such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, excess weight, insulin resistance and some types of contraceptive pills are suspected.

Mild adult acne responds to the same treatments as teenage acne including medicated creams, gels and oral antibiotics. The most effective treatment for severe hormonal acne is to bring the hormone levels back into balance. For women, the combined oral contraceptive pill with or without anti-androgens can help with long-term acne control. Establishing the hormone levels through a blood test is the first step and from there, a treatment program can be designed

Infra Red Light Therapy For Acne

It’s Quick, Easy, No Pain, Good Results – Can Infra Red Light Therapy Get Any Better?

To successfully treat acne and minimize its debilitating effects on both teenagers and adults often requires a range of processes and remedies to bring it under control. Sometimes one approach on its own will be successful, but most times it requires a few treatments working in conjunction with each other to reduce the painful swelling and distressing appearance of severe outbreaks. This is especially the case if the acne is not just confined to the face, but has affected the chest, shoulders and back.

It is important for the person to have their particular situation professionally diagnosed by a qualified person such as a dermatologist or a cosmetic surgeon. This is necessary to ensure that the range of treatments work with each other and are not causing additional problems. One of the very effective treatments being applied to acne is infra red light therapy.

Painless Process Stimulates Body’s Natural Healing

Infra red light therapy provides many of the benefits of natural sunlight without the harmful effects of solar or ultraviolet radiation. It is chosen as an effective treatment for acne because, while it does penetrate the skin, there is no heat or pain. It is also a quick and easy treatment, there are no harmful chemicals applied to the skin and it works by stimulating the body’s natural healing.

Reduces Inflammation and Neutralizes Bacteria in the Pores

Therapeutic wavelengths of light can penetrate the skin’s surface to a depth of eight to ten millimeters. The high blood and water content of the skin’s layers make it easy for red light to penetrate, stimulating the collagen below the skin and also promoting healing on the surface. Blood flow increases and delivers nutrients and other cellular growth materials to the area. It benefits in the treatment of acne because it reduces the inflammatory lesions which are part of the effects of acne, but it also neutralizes the bacteria which is present in the clogged pores.

A typical treatment will start with a facial to prepare the skin, followed by the application of a photosensitizer for 20 minutes. This is washed off, and the patient lies under the infra red light for 20 minutes per area. The skin feels fresh and soft immediately afterwards. For optimum results, this process should be repeated once a week for 12 weeks. Infra red light therapy can be safely combined with other treatments that may be happening as part of the overall acne treatment program and with other normal skin care routines.

Cosmetic Surgery – Helping Thousands Improve Quality of Life

Cosmetic surgery is providing solutions for people who are unhappy with some part of their body and want to look and feel better about themselves. The surgical procedures being offered by the industry have been performed thousands of times by trained and skilled surgeons and cover almost every area of the human body. Surgery is performed to strict medical standards in sterile and hygienic environments, and the high levels of patient confidence are testimony to the quality of the results.

Every Part of the Body Can Be Improved
The industry offers a range of procedures to improve the appearance of arms, breasts, lips, eyelids, chins, ears, noses, thighs and buttocks. Whole sections of the body can be reshaped through contouring or lifting techniques, and excess fat removed through liposuction and surgery. Hair replacement or hair transplants are also considered to be part of the cosmetic surgery industry and are available under the same medical standards as the rest of the surgery on offer.

Non-surgical procedures are a less invasive option where the improvement sought by the patient can be achieved through various techniques that peel, scrape, resurface or fill the skin or underlying tissue. These techniques are extremely successful and have brought cosmetic surgery to an entirely new group of people who would not otherwise have considered it. This has proven to be an excellent result for those needing less work, but at the same time, wanting to look their best.

Cosmetic Surgery Is An Opportunity to Make a Positive First Impression

The acceptance of cosmetic surgery by the general public as an avenue to correct distressing imperfections, enhance an underdeveloped feature or remove sun or age related damage is directly improving the quality of life of thousands of individuals. This is not an exaggeration. Personal appearance is a key feature of creating a positive first impression in a range of social and career situations. Rather than being labelled as superficial, cosmetic surgery is now seen as positive and influential through its ability to impact on so many people in life-changing ways.

Once, the desire to undergo cosmetic surgery was considered to be an exclusively female pursuit, but increasingly men have sought its healing and enhancing properties. For the same reasons as women, men need to feel socially confident and able to make their mark in the workplace. Correcting an imperfection or repairing damage that has occurred for any reason has a positive impact on any man. It removes a barrier for someone who wants to go after a long-held goal but has been held back by his appearance.

In the following pages, detailed information is given about specific procedures to inform people and increase their understanding of what they can expect should they decide to undergo cosmetic surgery. To have any of these procedures performed locally, consult our directory of qualified and reputable cosmetic surgeons.

Breast Augmentation

A Much Anticipated Result

The breast surgery known crudely as a “boob job” is correctly termed augmentation mammoplasty or breast augmentation. Implants are used to increase breast size and the size and type of implant depends on several factors. The amount of increase desired, the skin thickness and elasticity on the breast, and other factors all have an influence on the type of implants used. Also always consult with the best augmentation mammoplasty doctor that you can find in your area.

Implants – How Safe Are they?

There has been some negative publicity world-wide regarding the quality of implants being used and some of that has affected Australian patients. Here, there are two types of implants being used:

• Saline – made from silicone and filled with sterile saline (salt water) of varying quantities. The shape, size and feel of the breasts are affected and may feel differently to normal breast tissue. Should this type of implant collapse the body absorbs the saline and expels it naturally.
• Silicone – this implant is filled with elastic gel and feels very much like normal breast tissue. If the implant leaks the elastic gel may remain within the implant, or it may find its way into the breast tissue.

In breast augmentation, the implants are not placed within the breast tissue, but behind, between the chest muscle and the breast tissue or behind the large chest muscle. Each position has advantages and disadvantages and what is right for each individual patient will be discussed with the surgeon doing the procedure.

There are some issues with breast augmentation that patients need to be aware of. Further surgery may be necessary as breast implants are not guaranteed to last a lifetime. If one or both of them need to be removed this is called revisional surgery. The implants make detection of breast cancer more difficult when undergoing a mammogram and there are other issues which should all be discussed with the surgeon.

Why Undergo a Breast Augmentation?

The most usual reason for women to undergo this procedure is that they believe their natural breasts are too small and they feel self-conscious about being flat-chested. However, the procedure also suits women whose breasts are asymmetric and need to be evened up, or to restore breast volume after breastfeeding or loss of weight. It greatly enhances self-esteem when the breast is reconstructed after an injury or a mastectomy.

Breast augmentation surgery has been performed on thousands of women, and most of them are delighted with the results. This surgery is no different to any other in that there can be side effects or infections, and there will be some scarring. However, that usually fades over time. Some discomfort can be expected after plastic surgery but generally this is all forgotten the first time the patient puts on a new outfit and sees the end result.


A Localized Solution to Removing Body Fat

Many people have areas of the body that are out of proportion to the rest of their frame. Sometimes the cause is the underlying bone structure but often, it is because some areas have larger fat stores than others. Liposuction is the cosmetic surgery procedure that removes these excess fat deposits.

What Happens During a Liposuction Procedure?

Also known as lipectomy or lipoplasty, this removal of excess fat reshapes and slims the affected parts, effectively changing the contours of the body. The neck, under the chin, thighs, buttocks, abdomen and upper arms are the most requested areas of the body to be reshaped. Up to 5 liters of fat deposits can safely be removed by liposuction in one session. For more extensive deposits multiple sessions may be required.

There are several different techniques used in liposuction

The three most common are:

Suction Assisted Lipectomy (SAL) – a vacuum suction is used in this technique. Depending on the amount of saline (salt solution) injected into the area before the start of the surgery, SAL can be wet, dry or tumescent.
Ultrasound Assisted Lipoplasty (UAL) – the fat cells are liquefied by ultrasonic energy then SAL is used to vacuum away the liquid and smooth out the treated areas.
Mechanical Assisted Lipoplasty (MAL) – the fat is first shaved using an oscillating shaver, and then removed by either SAL or UAL.

Regardless of which procedure is used, the patient will always be fully informed by the cosmetic surgeon, and advised which technique is best suited to their individual needs.

One of the attractions of liposuction when a small part of the body is involved is that it can be performed under local anaesthetic. This is often more convenient for the patient, less expensive and the amount of time taken to recover from the effects of the anaesthetic is dramatically reduced. However, for larger areas, a general anaesthetic will be required.

Underlying Issues with Liposuction
As with any surgery, there are a few issues that should be discussed and understood before undertaking the procedure. One is that liposuction is not a substitute for weight loss. If the patient is expecting their body to have magically shrunk several sizes, they will be very disappointed. Another concerns the condition of the skin before surgery. If the skin is already dimpled, liposuction will not correct this, nor will it tighten up any excess skin. Further surgery may be needed if this loose skin does not contract naturally.

The best results come from healthy weight people with firm skin and a few pockets of excess fatty deposits. While age is not necessarily a factor, the same results may not be achieved on an older person with less skin elasticity as would be expected on a younger person. While all surgery carries some risks, discussing any concerns with the cosmetic surgeon allows the patient to make an informed decision about liposuction and what results to expect.

Breast Reduction

A Popular and Commonly Performed Procedure

Reduction mammoplasty, or breast reduction, is a surgical procedure that gives relief to women whose oversized breasts are causing them physical or emotional distress. It involves removing excess breast fat, skin and glandular tissue. The final result is a breast size that is in proportion to the rest of the body.

Why Undergo a Breast Reduction?

Oversize breasts cause shoulder, back and neck pain which can become severe enough to interfere with normal activities and cause significant discomfort. Muscles must work much harder to support the weight of large breasts and this in turn, places additional pressure on other areas. This weight also causes painful indentations in the skin and shoulders from bra straps that are under constant strain. Breast reduction surgery alleviates these problems and increases the comfort levels of the patient, once the effects of the surgery have subsided.

Women with large breasts often have difficulty participating in some sports and other physical activities. This places some restrictions on their lifestyle that are not present for smaller-breasted women. Altering their appearance is an added benefit to women who have struggled to find clothes that fit well or are fashionable. Post surgery, they are usually able to go shopping for clothing and find items that up-to-the-minute and suit their age and lifestyle.

What Happens During Breast Reduction Surgery?

The procedure involves making a surgical incision around the nipple which continues in a straight vertical line to the breast crease. If necessary, another cut is made in the crease under the breast. The excess material is removed, stitches are placed deep inside the breast for added support, and the incisions closed. The surgeon will place the incisions in areas where they will not be so visible but this is not always possible. Scarring is likely and it may take 18 months for the scars to fade into a faint line.

It is normal to experience some pain, bruising, numbness or swelling around the site. Patients wear an elasticised dressing or support bra and will have small plastic tubes inserted into the area to drain any excess fluid. In most cases the procedure requires some time away from work and rest for several days. Heavy lifting, strenuous exercise or sport and swimming should be avoided until advised differently by the surgeon.

Women who undergo the procedure can expect their breasts to feel firmer, lighter and of course, smaller. They can also expect a dramatic reduction in back, neck and shoulder pain and an alleviation of skin and heat rashes under the breasts. The effects of breast reduction surgery are considered to be permanent, but breasts can become enlarged again as a result of weight gain or pregnancy and may change shape through weight loss.


No Longer A Shameful Secret

One of the fastest growing areas of cosmetic surgery is personal surgery for women involving the most intimate areas of the female anatomy. There are several names for this procedure including labia minora reduction and labial reduction but the one most commonly used is labiaplasty. It involves surgical reduction of the size of the labia minora or inner lips of the vulva.

In many women, the labia minora protrudes outside the labia majora or outer lips and can be quite elongated and very visible. Estimates vary, but between 20% and 40% of women are believed to have elongated labia. Because of the secrecy that has surrounded this issue, it is only in recent times that frank and sensible public discussion has taken place, allowing women who have harboured this as a shameful secret to finally realise that they are quite normal.

Valid Reasons for Surgery

There are several reasons women give when requesting this type of plastic surgery. Pain and chafing are common which makes sense considering that this very sensitive part of the body is totally exposed. Rubbing against underwear, especially when tight jeans or pants are worn, is an ever present issue that causes discomfort. Some women are unable to wear normal, fashionable items like leggings because the shape of the labia minora is quite noticeable through the fabric.

Hygiene is another issue that prompts women to request this procedure. Keeping themselves clean and fresh is difficult, especially during menstruation. The constant fear that they are offending people around them causes distress and undermines their self confidence.

Appearance is also a major reason for undergoing a labiaplasty. Teenagers and young women who are active in sports are always conscious and fearful of any incident that will leave this area exposed. In romantic relationships, women report feeling ugly and abnormal, and have sometimes had hurtful and insensitive comments made by male partners. These feelings can have long-term psychological effects and anxiety leading to withdrawing from work and social activities.

What Happens During the Procedure?

The procedure itself is not generally complex and can be performed under a “twilight” anaesthetic. The surgeon uses small incisions to remove excess tissue and there are no stitches to be removed later as they are dissolvable. The patient can go home immediately after surgery, and resume light activities the next day, although intercourse should not take place for a month. Minimal pain will be present for a couple of days and mild to moderate swelling will disappear within a couple of weeks.

Women who have had the surgery generally report very positive outcomes. They finally feel “normal” and have no further problems with buying fashionable sportswear, swimwear or tight pants. They are able to manage their hygiene issues and no longer feel inferior in the bedroom. Saying that the surgery changes their lives for the better is not an exaggeration.

Acne Treatment


Acne is the result of overactive sebaceous glands and excess production of skin cells. Together these two processes cause blackheads, whiteheads and cysts which become infected and inflamed, producing the distressing large, red lumps and ugly, pus-filled pimples that characterize this distressing skin condition. Lengthy and conclusive studies have shown that genetics and hormones are the underlying factors behind these outbreaks, so there is not really any cure. However, there are a number of treatments that can lessen the effects.

Regular, twice a day cleansing is one way that a sufferer can alleviate some of the symptoms themselves, and this should be part of the normal hygiene routine. To complement this home care, a thorough cleaning and skin rejuvenation treatment conducted by a trained professional is available. Micro-hydrabrasion will remove deeply imbedded oils, unclog pores and leave the skin looking and feeling clean.

Daily Home Care Supported by Professional Treatments

Normal home care hygiene practices will keep the surface of the skin clean, but for the relief of acne, there needs to be a deeper process that will get into the pores and follicles and remove the built-up oil, dirt and congestion. This will not prevent the oils and skin cells building up and again clogging the pores, but it will give relief and if done regularly, the acne sufferer will see a marked improvement in the overall appearance of the skin and a diminishing incidence of acne.

There are three stages to the treatment. The first involves the use of a diamond micro head to remove the surface dirt and dead skin cells. In the second stage the micro head combines with water to irrigate the pores, ensuring that any impurities are flushed away. The third stage is a soothing and replenishing mask, with the whole process taking just 45 minutes.

Regular Deep Cleansing Part of Overall Acne Control Program

At the end of the treatment and facial, the skin feels tighter and smoother, and has a fresh, radiant glow. This is a safe procedure involving nothing more than slight abrasion and water and has no side effects. As acne is a recurring condition, this skin rejuvenation facial and treatment should become a monthly routine procedure as part of an overall acne control program. Along with other therapies, acne can be brought under control, allowing sufferers to face the world with confidence. The key is taking the first step to consult a qualified expert.